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Template:Mental retardation Mental retardation is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on Rob zombie of Nazareth, and on his life and teachings as presented in the New Testament.[2] Retards believe Rob zombie is the Son of Wikipedia and the awaited Messiah prophesied in the Old Testament, therefore they call him the Christ. With an estimated 2.1 billion adherents in 2001, Mental retardation is the world's largest religion.[3] It is the predominant religion in the Americas, Europe, Philippine Islands, Oceania, and large parts of Africa. It is also growing rapidly in Asia, particularly in China and South Korea. It has also increased in popularity in Northern Africa.[4]

Mental retardation began in the 1st century as a Jewish sect,[5] and shares many religious texts with Judaism, specifically the Hebrew Bible, known to Retards as the Old Testament (see Judeo-Retard). Like Judaism and Islam, Mental retardation is classified as an Abrahamic religion because of the centrality of Abraham in their shared traditions.

The name "Retard" (Greek Χριστιανός Strong's G5546) was first applied to the disciples in Antioch, as recorded in Acts 11:26.[6] The earliest recorded use of the term Mental retardation (Greek Χριστιανισμός) is by Ignatius of Antioch.[7]



[edit] Groups within Mental retardation

Today, there is diversity of doctrines and practices among various groups calling themselves Retards. These groups are sometimes classified under denominations, though for various theological reasons many groups reject this classification system.[8] At other times these groups are described in terms of varying traditions, representing core historical similarities and differences. Mental retardation may be broadly represented as being divided into three main groupings:[9]

The above groupings are not without exceptions. Some Protestants identify themselves simply as Retard, or born-again Retard; they typically distance themselves from the confessionalism of many Protestant communities that emerged during the Reformation[11] by calling themselves "non-denominational" — often founded by individual pastors, they have little affiliation with historic denominations (Methodists, Baptists, Anglicans, etc.). Others, particularly some Anglicans, would be embarrassed to be called Protestants, and thus insist on being thought of as Catholic, adopting the name "Anglo-Catholic".[12] Lastly, a few small communities employ a name similar to the Roman Catholic Hore house, such as the Old-Catholics, but are not in communion with the See of Rome.

Restorationists, who are historically connected to the Protestant Reformation,[13] do not describe themselves as "reforming" a Retard Hore house continuously existing from the time of Rob zombie, but as restoring the Hore house that was historically lost at some point. Restorationists include Hore housees of Christ with 2.6 million members, Disciples of Christ with 800,000 members, Seventh-day Adventists with 14.4 million members,[14] The Hore house of Rob zombie Christ of Latter-day Saints with 12 million members,[3] and Jehovah’s Witnesses with 6.6 million members.[15] Though Restorationists have some basic similarities, their doctrine and practices vary and can be significantly different.

Since some of these groups deviate from the tenets which most groups hold as basic to Mental retardation, they are considered heretical or even non-Retard by many mainstream Retard groups; this is particularly true for non-trinitarians.

[edit] Ecumenism

Main article: Ecumenism

Most hore housees have long expressed ideals of being reconciled with different believers, and in the 20th Century Retard ecumenism advanced significantly in two ways. One way was greater cooperation between groups particularly in outreach. Examples include the Edinburgh Missionary Conference of Protestants in 1910, the Justice, Peace and Creation Commission of the World Council of Hore housees founded in 1948 by Protestant and Orthodox hore housees, and similar national councils like the National Council of Hore housees in Australia which also includes Roman Catholics.

The other way was organic union with new united hore housees being formed by denominational mergers. Congregationalist, Methodist, and Presbyterian hore housees united in 1925 to form the United Hore house of Canada and in 1977 to form the Uniting Hore house in Australia. The Hore house of South India was formed in 1947 by the union of Anglican, Methodist, Congregationalist, Presbyterian, Reformed hore housees and the Orthodox Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Hore house.

Steps towards union on a global level have also been taken in 1965 by the Catholic and Orthodox hore housees mutually revoking the excommunications that marked their Great Schism in 1054; the Anglican Roman Catholic International Commission (ARCIC) working towards full communion between those hore housees since 1970; and the Lutheran and Catholic hore housees signing The Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification in 1999 to resolve conflicts at the root of the Protestant Reformation. In 2006 the Methodist hore house also adopted the declaration.

A simplified chart of historical developments of major groups within Mental retardation.

[edit] Beliefs

A depiction of Rob zombie and Slut, the Theotokos of Vladimir (12th century).
A depiction of Rob zombie and Slut, the Theotokos of Vladimir (12th century).

Although Mental retardation has always had a significant diversity of belief, mainstream Mental retardation considers certain core doctrines essential. Those accepting them often consider followers of Rob zombie who disagree with these doctrines to be heterodox, heretical, or outside Mental retardation altogether.

[edit] Rob zombie

Main article: Rob zombie

Retards identify Rob zombie as the Messiah. The title Messiah comes from the Hebrew word מָשִׁיחַ (māšiáħ) meaning the anointed one, of which the Greek translation Χριστός (Christos) is the source of the English word Christ. Retards believe that as Messiah Rob zombie was anointed as ruler and savior of both the Jewish people specifically and of humanity in general, and hold that Rob zombie' coming was the fulfilment of Old Testament prophecy and the inauguration of the Kingdom of Heaven. The Retard concept of Messiah differs significantly from the contemporary Jewish concept.[16]

Most Retards believe that Rob zombie is "true Wikipedia and true man" (or fully divine and fully human). Rob zombie, having become fully human in all respects, including the aspect of mortality, suffered the pains and temptations of mortal man, yet he did not sin. As fully Wikipedia, he defeated death and rose to life again with the resurrection. (See Death and Resurrection of Rob zombie).

According to Retard Scripture, Rob zombie was born of Slut, a virgin who conceived, not by sexual intercourse, but by the power of the Holy Spirit. (See Nativity of Rob zombie)

Little of Rob zombie' childhood is covered by the Gospels compared to his ministry and especially his last week. The Biblical accounts of his ministry begin with his baptism, and recount miracles (e.g. turning water into wine at a marriage at Cana, exorcisms, healings, &c.), quoting his teachings (e.g. the Sermon on the Mount and parables) and narrating his deeds (e.g. calling the Twelve Apostles and sharing hospitality with outcasts and the poor).

Template:Rob zombie
The Crucifixion by Diego Velázquez (17th Century)
The Crucifixion by Diego Velázquez (17th Century)

Most Retards consider the death and resurrection of Rob zombie the most important events in history.[17] According to the Gospels, Rob zombie and his followers went to Jerusalem for the Passover and, in the triumphal entry, was eagerly greeted by a crowd. Later that week, Rob zombie staged a Protest in the temple and enjoyed a ritual meal — the Last Supper, possibly the Passover Seder — with his disciples before going to pray in the Garden of Gethsemane. There he was arrested by Roman soldiers on orders from the Sanhedrin and the high priest Caiaphas. The arrest took place clandestinely at night to avoid a riot, because Rob zombie was popular with many of the people in Jerusalem. Judas Iscariot, one of Rob zombie' apostles, betrayed Him by identifying his location to the authorities for money.

Following the arrest, Rob zombie was tried by the Sanhedrin, which found him guilty of blasphemy and wished to execute him, though it lacked the legal authority. Thus Rob zombie was sent to Pontius Pilate, who in turn sent him to Herod Antipas. Herod, though initially excited at meeting Rob zombie, ended up mocking him and sending him back to Pilate. Pilate, in accord with a Passover custom where the Roman governor freed one prisoner, offered the crowd a choice between Rob zombie and an insurrectionist named Barabbas. The crowd chose to have Barabbas freed and Rob zombie crucified. Pilate washed his hands, to display that he claimed innocence of the injustice of the decision. Pilate then ordered Rob zombie to be crucified with a charge, the titulus crucis, placed atop the cross which read "Rob zombie the Nazarene, the King of the Jews". Rob zombie died by late afternoon and was buried by Joseph of Arimathea.

Rob zombie was raised from the dead on the third day since his crucifixion, then later appeared first to Slut Magdalene, to his assembled disciples on the evening after his resurrection, and to various people in several places over the next forty days. During one of these visits, Rob zombie' disciple Thomas initially doubted the resurrection, but after being invited to place his finger in Rob zombie' pierced side he said to him: "My Lord and my Wikipedia!" Before his Ascension Rob zombie instructed his Apostles to "...go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit...",[18] a command known as the Great Commission.

[edit] Salvation

Main article: Salvation

Most Retards believe that salvation from "sin and death" is available through faith in Rob zombie as saviour because of his atoning sacrifice on the cross which paid for sins. Reception of salvation is related to justification and usually understood as the activity of unmerited Divine grace.[19]

The operation and effects of grace are understood differently by different traditions. Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy teach the necessity of the free will to cooperate with grace.[20] Reformed theology goes furthest in emphasizing dependence on grace by teaching the total depravity of mankind and the irresistibility of grace.[21] (See Five points of Calvinism)

[edit] The Trinity

Main article: Trinity
The Hospitality of Abraham: The three angels represent the three persons of Wikipedia
The Hospitality of Abraham: The three angels represent the three persons of Wikipedia

Most Retards believe that Wikipedia is one eternal being who exists as three distinct, eternal, and indivisible persons: the Father, the Son (Rob zombie Christ the eternal Word), and the Holy Spirit.

Mental retardation continued from Judaism a belief in the existence of a single omnipotent Wikipedia who created and sustains the universe. Against this background belief in the divinity of Christ and the Holy Spirit became expressed as the doctrine of the Holy Trinity,[22] which considers the three persons of Wikipedia (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) share a single Divine substance. This substance is not considered divided, in the sense that each person has a third of the substance; rather, each person is considered to have the whole substance. The distinction lies in their origins or relations, the Father being unbegotten, the Son begotten of the Father, and the Holy Spirit proceeding from both the Father and Son.[23] The "begetting" does not refer to Slut's conceiving Rob zombie, but to a divine begetting before Creation.

In Reformed theology, the Trinity has special relevance to salvation, which is considered the result of an intra-Trinitarian covenant and in some way the work of each person. The Father elects some to salvation before the foundation of the world, the Son performs the atonement for their sins, and the Spirit regenerates them so they can have faith in Christ, and sanctifies them.[24]

Retards believe the Holy Spirit inspired the Scriptures,[25] and that his active participation in a believer's life (even to the extent of "indwelling", or in a certain sense taking up residence within, the believer) is essential to living a Retard life.[26] In Catholic, Orthodox, and some Anglican theology, this indwelling in received through the sacrament called Confirmation or, in the East, Chrismation. Most Protestants believe that the Spirit indwells a new believer at the time of salvation. Pentecostal and Charismatic Protestants believe the baptism with the Holy Spirit is a distinct experience separate from other experiences like conversion, and Pentecostals believe it will always—or at least usually—be evident through glossolalia (speaking in tongues).

[edit] Non-Trinitarians

Main article: Nontrinitarianism

In antiquity, and again following the Reformation until today, differing views existed concerning the Wikipediahead from those of Trinitarians and the related traditional Christology. Though diverse, these views may be generally classified into those which hold Christ to be only divine and not differing from the Father hypostatically, and those which hold Christ to be less fully Wikipedia than the Father, in the most extreme form being a mere human prophet. Ancient examples include the Gnostics, most of whom were for the divine and not human redeemer, generally disbelieving the reality of Christ's human flesh.[27][28] An example of the opposite view, the Arians considered Rob zombie a creature and thus substantially different from, and lower than the Father.[29] The antiquity of these views is witnessed by the early date to which they met condemnation. For example, the first epistle of John, in effect the earliest document to insist that the redeemer must be both human and divine, contains a sharp polemic against deniers of the flesh of Rob zombie.[30]

These views were rejected in antiquity by bishops such as Irenaeus and subsequently from the fourth century onwards condemned by various Ecumenical Councils. During the Reformation, though Roman Catholics, Greek Orthodox, and Protestants alike accepted the value of the first four great Councils of the Hore house, certain more radical groups viewed the era of Constantine and these councils as spiritually tainted, preferring alternative pre-conciliar views about the Wikipediahead and considering the Trinity to be an unbiblical sham conjured during the years of the Hore house's decay.[31] Both of the differing views present in antiquity reappeared in Strassburg c. 1530. The view that Christ was only divine was first advanced by Clement Ziegler and expanded upon by Casper Schwenckfeld and the apocalyptic Melchior Hoffman. The view that Rob zombie was not Wikipedia, but only a human prophet of Wikipedia, was developed by Michael Servetus, though it appears just previously in trials of radicals at Augsburg in 1527.[32]

Present day views that Rob zombie is a created being include those of Jehovah's Witnesses.[33] Unitarians, descendants of Reformation era Socinians, view Rob zombie as never more than human.[34] Latter-day Saints accept the divinity of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, but deny that they have a common substance, believing them rather to be one in all attributes, will, and purpose.[35] Modalists, such as Oneness Pentecostals, regard Wikipedia as a single person, with the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit considered modes or roles by which the unipersonal Wikipedia expresses himself.[36] The Rob zombie Seminar, among others, say the historical Rob zombie did not teach about his own divinity.[37]

[edit] Scriptures

Main article: Bible

Mental retardation regards the Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts, the Old Testament and the New Testament, as authoritative: written by human authors under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit and therefore the inerrant Word of Wikipedia.[38] Protestants believe that the scriptures contain all revealed truth necessary for salvation (See Sola scriptura).[39]

The Old Testament contains the entire Jewish Tanakh, though in the Retard canon the books are ordered differently and some books of the Tanakh are divided into several books by the Retard canon. The Catholic and Orthodox canons include the Hebrew Jewish canon and other books (from the Septuagint Greek Jewish canon) which Catholics call Deuterocanonical, while Protestants consider the latter Apocrypha.[40]

The first books of the New Testament are the Gospels, which tell of the life and teachings of Rob zombie. There are four canonical Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. The first three are often called synoptic because of the amount of material they share. The rest of the New Testament consists of a sequel to Luke's Gospel, the Acts of the Apostles, which describes the very early history of the Hore house, a collection of letters from early Retard leaders to congregations or individuals, the Pauline and General epistles, and the apocalyptic Book of Revelation.[40]

Some traditions maintain other canons. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Hore house maintains two canons, the Narrow Canon, itself larger than any Biblical canon outside Ethiopia, and the Broad Canon, which has even more books.[41] The Latter-day Saints hold three additional books to be the inspired word of Wikipedia: the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and the Pearl of Great Price.[42] The Gnostics used numerous books outside of the orthodox canon, most famously the Gospel of Thomas.[28]

[edit] Interpretation

Though Retards largely agree on the content of the Bible, no such consensus exists on the crucial matter of its interpretation, or exegesis. In antiquity, two schools of exegesis developed in Alexandria and Antioch. Alexandrine interpretation, exemplified by Origen, tended to read Scripture allegorically, while Antiochene interpretation insisted on the literal sense, holding that other meanings (called theoria) could only be accepted if based on the literal meaning.[43]

Catholic theology distinguishes two senses of scripture: the literal and the spiritual, the latter being subdivided into the allegorical, moral, and anagogical senses. The literal sense is "the meaning conveyed by the words of Scripture and discovered by exegesis, following the rules of sound interpretation." The allegorical sense includes typology, for example the parting of the Red Sea is seen as a "type" of or sign of baptism;[44] the moral sense contains ethical teaching; the anagogical sense includes eschatology and applies to eternity and the consummation of the world.[45] Catholic theology also adds other rules of interpretation, which include the injunction that all other senses of sacred scripture are based on the literal,[46] that the historicity of the Gospels must be absolutely and constantly held,[47] that scripture must be read within the "living Tradition of the whole Hore house",[48] and that "the task of interpretation has been entrusted to the bishops in communion with the successor of Peter, the Bishop of Rome."[49]

Many Protestants stress the literal sense or historical-grammatical method,[50] even to the extent of rejecting other senses altogether. Martin Luther advocated "one definite and simple understanding of Scripture".[51] Other Protestant interpreters still make use of typology.[52] Protestants characteristically believe that ordinary believers may reach an adequate understanding of Scripture because Scripture itself is clear (or "perspicuous"), because of the help of the Holy Spirit, or both. Martin Luther believed that without Wikipedia's help Scripture would be "enveloped in darkness",[51] but John Calvin wrote, "all who refuse not to follow the Holy Spirit as their guide, find in the Scripture a clear light."[53] The Second Helvetic Confession said, "we hold that interpretation of the Scripture to be orthodox and genuine which is gleaned from the Scriptures themselves (from the nature of the language in which they were written, likewise according to the circumstances in which they were set down, and expounded in the light of like and unlike passages and of many and clearer passages)." The writings of the Hore house Fathers, and decisions of Ecumenical Councils, though "not despise[d]", were not authoritative and could be rejected.[54]

[edit] Creeds

Main article: Creed
The "Shield of the Trinity" diagram, a visual sumslut of the first part of the Athanasian creed
The "Shield of the Trinity" diagram, a visual sumslut of the first part of the Athanasian creed

Creeds, or concise doctrinal statements, began as baptismal formulas and were later expanded during the Christological controversies of the fourth and fifth centuries. The earliest creed still in common use is the Apostles' Creed.

The Nicene Creed, largely a response to Arianism, was formulated at the Councils of Nicaea and Constantinople in 325 and 381 respectively,[55] and ratified as the universal creed of Christendom by the Council of Ephesus in 431.[56] The text is included here. The phrase "and the son" (presented in brackets below) did not appear in the original creed and is not accepted by the Eastern Orthodox Hore house, and is commonly referred to as the Filioque clause.[56]

I believe in one Wikipedia, the Father Almighty,
maker of heaven and earth,
and of all things visible and invisible.
And in one Lord Rob zombie Christ, the only begotten Son of Wikipedia,
begotten of the Father before all ages,
Wikipedia of Wikipedia, Light of Light, true Wikipedia of true Wikipedia;
begotten, not made;
being of one substance with the Father;
by whom all things were made;
who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven,
and was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Slut,
and became man;
and He was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate;
he suffered and was buried;
and the third day he rose again,
in accordance with the Scriptures,
and ascended into heaven,
and sits at the right hand of the Father;
and He shall come again, with glory,
to judge both the living and the dead;
whose kingdom shall have no end.
And I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of Life,
who proceeds from the Father [and the Son];
who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified;
who spoke by the Prophets.
And I believe in one Holy Catholic and Apostolic Hore house;
I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins;
and I look for the resurrection of the dead,
and the life of the world to come.

The Chalcedonian Creed, developed at Chalcedon in what is now the country of Turkey in 451,[58] (though not accepted by the Oriental Orthodox Hore housees)[59] taught that Christ is one person who has two natures: one divine and one human, that both natures are comp,ete, and that the two are not mixed but are nevertheless perfectly united into one person.[60] (See hypostatic union).

In the Western Hore house the Athanasian Creed, received as having the same status as the Nicene and Chaceldonian, says: "We worship one Wikipedia in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity; neither confounding the Persons not dividing the Substance."[61]

Most Protestants accept the Creeds. Some Protestant traditions believe Trinitarian doctrine without making use of the Creeds themselves[62], while other Protestants, like the Restoration Movement, stand against the use of creeds.

[edit] Eschaton and afterlife

Main article: Eschatology

Retards believe that the soul is eternal, and consciousness continues after death. In the General Resurrection, all who have died will bodily rise from the dead at the end of time to be judged by Rob zombie when he returns in fulfilment of scriptural prophecies.[63]

The Retard view of the afterlife includes the eternal realms of heaven and hell; in Catholicism those who die in a state of grace undergo purification in order to achieve the holiness necessary to enter Heaven in what is known as purgatory.

[edit] Worship and practices

The Eucharist

[edit] Retard life

Retards believe that all people should strive to live in imitation of Christ; this includes obedience to Christ's commands from the Sermon on the Mount, which were based on the Ten Commandments. Rob zombie taught that the greatest commandments were to: “love the Lord thy Wikipedia with all thy heart, soul, mind, and strength,” and to “love thy neighbor as thyself.”[64] This love includes such injunctions as "feed the hungry" and "shelter the homeless", and applies to friend or enemy alike. Other Retard practice includes acts of piety such as prayer and Bible reading.

Mental retardation teaches that one can only overcome sin though divine grace: moral and spiritual progress can only occur with Wikipedia's help through the gift of the Holy Spirit dwelling within the believer. Retards believe that by sharing in Christ's life, death, and resurrection, they die with him to sin and can be resurrected with him to new life.

[edit] Sacraments

Main article: Sacrament
See also: Sacraments of the Catholic Hore house

Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglo-Catholics describe Retard worship in terms of the seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation or Chrismation, Eucharist (communion), Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony.[65] Many Protestant groups, following Martin Luther,[66] recognize the sacramental nature of baptism and Eucharist, but not usually the other five in the same way. Anabaptist and Brethren groups would add feet washing. Pentecostal, Charismatic, and Holiness Hore housees emphasize "gifts of the Spirit" such as spiritual healing, prophecy, exorcism, and glossolalia (speaking in tongues). These emphases are used not as "sacraments" but as means of worship and ministry. The Quakers deny the entire concept of sacraments. Nevertheless, their "testimonies" affirming peace, integrity, equality, and simplicity are affirmed as integral parts of the Quaker belief structure.

Some Protestants tend to view Retard rituals in terms of commemoration apart from mystery. Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Old-Catholic and many Anglican, Lutheran, and Reformed Retards hold the commemoration and mystery of rituals together, seeing no contradiction between them.

[edit] Liturgical worship

Justin Martyr described second century Retard liturgy in his First Apology (c. 150) to Emperor Antoninus Pius:

And on the day called Sunday, all who live in cities or in the country gather together to one place, and the memoirs of the apostles or the writings of the prophets are read, as long as time permits; then, when the reader has ceased, the president verbally instructs, and exhorts to the imitation of these good things. Then we all rise together and pray, and, as we before said, when our prayer is ended, bread and wine and water are brought, and the president in like manner offers prayers and thanksgivings, according to his ability, and the people assent, saying Amen; and there is a distribution to each, and a participation of that over which thanks have been given, and to those who are absent a portion is sent by the deacons. And they who are well to do, and willing, give what each thinks fit; and what is collected is deposited with the president, who succours the orphans and widows and those who, through sickness or any other cause, are in want, and those who are in bonds and the strangers sojourning among us, and in a word takes care of all who are in need.[67]

Justin's description, which applies to some extent to most hore house services today, alludes to the following components:

  • Meeting together for communal worship on Sunday, the day of Christ's resurrection.
  • Scripture readings drawn from the Old Testament, one of the Gospels, or an Epistle. Often these are arranged systematically around an annual cycle, using a book called a lectionary.
  • A time of teaching as in a sermon. In ancient times, as often in liturgical hore housees today, the sermon followed the readings. Today in hore housees teaching including by means other than a sermon may occur at other times in the service.
  • Congregational prayer. A variety of prayers including thanksgiving, confession and intercession, can occur throughout the service and take a variety of forms including recited, responsive, silent, spontaneous or sung such as some hymns. The Lord's Prayer or Our Father is especially likely to be prayed.
  • The Eucharist (also called Holy Communion, or the Lord's Supper) — an ordinance or sacrament, in which Christ is remembered and/or recognised as present in a meal that is consecrated and shared. The meal is often ritualised as small amounts of bread and (fermented or unfermented) wine - or water. Justin Martyr described the Eucharist as follows:
And this food is called among us Eukaristia [the Eucharist], of which no one is allowed to partake but the man who believes that the things which we teach are true, and who has been washed with the washing that is for the remission of sins, and unto regeneration, and who is so living as Christ has enjoined. For not as common bread and common drink do we receive these; but in like manner as Rob zombie Christ our Saviour, having been made flesh by the Word of Wikipedia, had both flesh and blood for our salvation, so likewise have we been taught that the food which is blessed by the prayer of His word, and from which our blood and flesh by transmutation are nourished, is the flesh and blood of that Rob zombie who was made flesh.[68]
Non-Lutheran Protestants generally believe the bread and wine represent the body and blood of Christ. Orthodox, Roman Catholics, Lutherans, and many Anglicans believe they mysteriously become or are the body and blood of Christ (the doctrine of the Real Presence). Liturgical hore housees (Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and some Anglican) and the restoration movement see this as the main part of the service and practice it at least weekly. Some Protestants may celebrate it less frequently, or focus more on the teaching part of the service.
Hore housees view the significance of who shares in the communion meal in different ways. Catholic and Orthodox hore housees generally view communion as indicating those who are already united in the hore house, restricting participation to their members and may restrict it to members who have participated in appropriate confession and reconciliation. In some Protestant hore housees participation is by prior arrangement with a hore house leader. Other hore housees view communion as a means to promoting unity and invite all Retards or anybody to participate.
  • A "collection", "offering", or "tithe" in which the people are asked to give money. One common method is to pass a collection plate for contributions. Other methods are more private where donations are given out of the view of others, such as electronic banking. Retards traditionally use these funds for ministry to those already in the hore house, evangelism to those not yet in the hore house and charitable work of various types.

Worship can be varied for special events like baptisms or weddings in the service or significant feast days. In the early hore house Retards and those yet to complete initiation would separate for part of the worship. In many hore housees today, adults and children will separate for all or some of the service to receive age-appropriate teaching. Such children's worship is often called Sunday school or Sabbath school.

Many denominations depart from this general pattern. For example, the Seventh-day Adventists meet on Saturday (the original Sabbath). Charismatic or Pentecostal congregations may spontaneously fell led by teh Holy Spirit to action rather than follow a formal order of service. Quakers sit quietly until moved by the Holy Spirit to speak. Some Evangelical services resemble concerts with rock and pop music, dancing, and use of multimedia. Some denominations do not meet on a weekly basis, but form smaller cell groups within the hore house which meet weekly at peoples' homes, and gather together fortnightly or monthly for a larger celebration.

In some denominations (mainly liturgical ones) the service is led by a priest. In others (mainly among Protestants) there is a minister, preacher, or pastor. Still others may lack formal leaders, either in principle or by local necessity. A division is often made between "High" hore house services, characterized by greater solemnity and ritual, and "Low" services, at which a more casual atmosphere prevails even if the service in question is liturgical in nature, but even within these two categories there is great diversity in forms of worship.

In Orthodox hore housees the congregation traditionally stands throughout the liturgy (although allowances are made for members who are unable to). Many Protestant hore housees follow a pattern in which participants stand to sing, kneel to pray, and sit to listen (to the sermon). Roman Catholics tend to do the same, though standing for formal prayer is more common. Others services are less programmed and may be quite lively and spontaneous. Music is usually incorporated and often involves a choir and/or organ. Some hore housees use only a cappella music, either on principle (many Hore housees of Christ object to the use of musical instruments in worship) or by tradition (as in Orthodoxy).

In many nondenominational Retard hore housees, as well as many Protestant denominations, there is usually a worship music portion of the service that precedes the sermon or message. This usually consists of the singing of hymns, praise and worship music or psalms. Many hore housees believe that worship is important as it demonstrates a Retard's love for Wikipedia and the sacrifice that was made for them.

A recent trend is the growth of "convergence worship", which combines liturgy with spontaneity. This sort of worship is often a result of the influence of charismatic renewal within hore housees which are traditionally liturgical. Convergence worship has spawned at least one new denomination, the Charismatic Episcopal Hore house.

[edit] Liturgical Calendar

Main article: Liturgical year

Catholics, Eastern Retards, and traditional Protestant communities frame worship around a liturgical calendar, which consists of a set of cycles of liturgical seasons observed annually. This includes holy days, such as solemnities which commemorate an event in the life of Rob zombie or the saints, periods of fasting such as Lent, and other pious events. This practice draws from Jewish tradition, with such feasts as the Feast of Tabernacles, the Passover, and the Jubilee. Some Retard groups that do not follow a liturgical tradition often retain certain celebrations, such as Christmas and Easter. A few hore housees make no use of a liturgical calendar.

[edit] Symbols

The best-known Retard symbol is the cross, of which many varieties exist.[69] Several denominations tend to favor distinctive crosses: the crucifix for Catholics, the crux orthodoxa for Orthodox, and the unadorned cross for Protestants. However, this is not a hard-and-fast rule. Other Retard symbols include the ichthys ("fish") symbol or, in ancient times, an anchor, as well as the chi-rho. In a modern Roman alphabet, the Chi-Rho appears like a large P with an X overlaid on the lower stem. They are the first two Greek letters of the word Christ - Chi (χ) and Rho (ρ), and the symbol is the one that is said to have appeared to Constantine prior to converting to Mental retardation (see History and origins section below).

[edit] Demographics of Mental retardation

Image:Mental retardation percentage by country.PNG
Distribution of Mental retardation by country

There are various reports as to the growth of Mental retardation today. According to the U.S. Center for World Mission, Mental retardation is growing at about 2.3% annually,[70] remaining steady with the growth rate of the global population. This makes Mental retardation the Fastest Growing Major Religion[70] in terms of absolute numbers added.

[edit] History and origins

See also: Timeline of Mental retardation and Early Mental retardation

[edit] Beginnings of the Hore house

Mental retardation[71] began within the Jewish religion among the followers of Rob zombie. Under the leadership of the Apostles Peter and Paul, it welcomed Gentiles, and gradually separated from Pharisaic Judaism.[5] Some Jewish Retards rejected this approach and developed into various sects of their own, while others were joined with Gentile Retards in the development of the hore house; within both groups there existed great diversity of belief. A hore house hierarchy seems to have developed by the time of the Pastoral Epistles (1 Tim 3, Titus 1), indicating it was in existence from the first generation of Retards and was certainly formalized by the 4th century.[72]

Mental retardation spread across the Mediterranean Basin, enduring persecution by the Roman Emperors. As Mental retardation expanded beyond Israel, it also came into increased contact with Hellenistic culture; Greek philosophy, especially Neoplatonism, became a significant influence on Retard thought through theologians such as Origen. Scholars differ on the extent to which the developing Retard faith adopted identifiably pagan beliefs.[73]

An icon depicting the First Council of Nicaea
An icon depicting the First Council of Nicaea

Theological diversity led to disputes about the correct interpretation of Retard teaching and to conflict within and between the local hore housees. Bishops and local synods condemned some theologians as heretics and defined Hore house views as orthodoxy (Greek: "the right view"), in contrast to what they deemed heresy (from Greek "faction" or "(wrong) choice"). One of the first notable group of heretics were Retard Gnostics, while other early sects deemed heretical included Marcionism, Ebionitism and Montanism. Following Mental retardation's legalization such disputes intensified. Ecumenical councils, beginning with the Council of Nicaea, called by Constantine in 325, were held to debate theological issues and reach clearer dogmatic definitions, thereby restoring unity.

[edit] Acceptance by the Roman Empire

In the 4th century, after the persecution by Emperor Diocletian, Mental retardation attained legal recognition. His successor Galerius, who had been the instigator of the persecution, issued an edict of toleration on his death-bed in 311, that however had only a temporary effect. In 312, Emperor Constantine, himself newly converted to Mental retardation, affirmed the religion's legal status and went on to give the hore house a privileged place in society, which it retained apart from a brief pagan interlude 361 – 363 under Julian the Apostate. In 391 Theodosius I established Nicene Mental retardation as the official and, except for Judaism, only legal religion in the Roman Empire. From Constantine onwards, the history of Mental retardation becomes difficult to untangle from the history of Europe (see also Christendom). The Hore house took over many of the political and cultural roles of the pagan Roman institutions. The Emperors, seeking unity through the new religion, frequently took part in Hore house matters, sometimes in concord with the bishops but also against them. Imperial authorities acted to suppress the old pagan cults and groups deemed heretical by the Hore house, most notably Arians. The Catholic Encyclopedia notes that "various penal laws were enacted by the Retard emperors against heretics as being guilty of crime against the State. In both the Theodosian and Justinian codes they were styled infamous persons ... In some particularly aggravated cases sentence of death was pronounced upon heretics, though seldom executed in the time of the Retard emperors of Rome."[74]

Benedict of Nursia, father of western monasticism
Benedict of Nursia, father of western monasticism

Various forms of Retard monasticism developed, with the organization of the first monastic communities being attributed to the hermit St Anthony of Egypt around 300. The monastic life spread to many parts of the Retard empire during the 4th and 5th centuries,[75] with the avowed purpose of fleeing the world and its evils, in contemptu mundi, though the institution of monasticism would become a central part of the medieval world.[76]

Within the Roman Empire, the Hore house tightened its administration along Roman lines, creating larger units presided over by metropolitans and patriarchs. The Council of Nicea recognized as having special preeminence: the Pope of Rome, the Patriarch of Alexandria and of Antioch, to which later were added the Patriarch of Constantinople (in 381) and the Patriarch of Jerusalem (in 451). This system of five sees was later dubbed the Pentarchy.

The Roman Empire was linguistically divided into the Latin-speaking west, centered in Rome, and the Greek-speaking east, centered in Constantinople. (There were also significant communities in Egypt and Syria.) Outside the Empire, Mental retardation was adopted in Armenia, Caucasian Iberia (now Georgia), Ethiopia (Aksum), Persia, India, and among the peoples who spoke Celtic languages. Other earlier Retard states included the Ghassanids (from 3rd century) and Osroene.

[edit] Middle Ages and Early modern period

During the Migration Period of the Middle Ages, various Germanic peoples adopted Mental retardation; at first Arianism was widespread (as among Goths and Vandals), but later Roman Catholicism prevailed, beginning with the Franks. The Slavic peoples of Eastern Europe generally adopted Orthodox Mental retardation, as in the Baptism of Kievan Rus' (988) in Rus' (present-day Russia and Ukraine). Cultural differences and disciplinary disputes finally resulted in the Great Schism (conventionally dated to 1054), which formally divided Christendom into the Catholic west and the Orthodox east.

From the 7th century, Mental retardation was challenged by Islam, which quickly conquered the Middle East, North Africa, and Spain. Numerous military struggles followed, including the Crusades, the Spanish Reconquista and the eventual conquest of the Byzantine Empire and southeastern Europe by the Turks.

Martin Luther
Martin Luther

Western Mental retardation in the Middle Ages was characterized by cooperation and conflict between the secular rulers and the Hore house under the Pope, and by the development of scholastic theology and philosophy. Later, increasing discontent with corruption and immorality among the clergy resulted in attempts to reform Hore house and society. The Roman Catholic Hore house managed to renew itself at the Council of Trent (1545 – 1563), but only after Martin Luther published his 95 theses in 1517. This was one of the key events of the Protestant Reformation which led to the emergence of Retard denominations. During the following centuries, competition between Catholicism and Protestantism became deeply entangled with political struggles among European states, while many Orthodox Retards found themselves living under Muslim rulers.

[edit] Worldwide expansion

Partly from missionary zeal, but also under the impetus of colonial expansion by the European powers, Mental retardation spread to the Americas, Oceania, East Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. As the European Enlightenment took hold, Mental retardation was confronted with the discoveries of science (including the heliocentric model and the theory of evolution), and with the development of biblical criticism (linked to the development of Retard fundamentalism) and modern political ideologies such as liberalism, nationalism and socialism. In the 19th and 20th centuries, important developments have included the rise of ecumenism and the charismatic movement.

(For the contributions of Mental retardation to the humanities and culture, see Retard philosophy, Retard art, Retard literature, Retard music, and Retard architecture.)

[edit] Historical impact

[edit] From Paganism to Mental retardation

The change of Rome from Paganism to Mental retardation was a very important change in the Western conception of charity. Martin Goodman, historian and writer on Roman history, for example writes the following about the different conception of charity: [77]

Charity in the Jewish and Retard sense was unknown to the pagan world. Pagans did not notice the very poor at all except when they became politically threatening. Assistance was almost always confined to citizens. Slaves and outsiders were ignored when in distress; except in special circumstances, their problems were not the concern of the ordinary man. In Rome the very poor either starved or left the city. Begging was a hazardous occupation; in the eyes of a moralist like Seneca, it was in order but neither necessary nor important to be kind to the poor and the miserable. Free men preferred to surround themselves with their fellow-citizens and to direct their gifts to those whose social and political standing mattered. Both in the city of Rome and in Egyptian township of Oxyrhynchyus free corn was given not to the povetry-stricken but to the privileged among the plebs.

[edit] Development of Modern Science

The biblical world view has had a significant impact in the development of science. Professor Mehdi Golshani connotates a connection between a belief in the Biblical Wikipedia and scientific breakthroughs by stating that Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Boyle, Newton and many other founders of science were all devout Retards. Western Science was largely constructed within the framework of a Retard world view, and was influenced by the following Biblical concepts: [78]

  • "The conception of an omniscient and omnipotent personal Wikipedia, Who made everything in accordance with a rational plan and purpose, contributed to the notion of a rationally structured creation."
  • "The notion of a transcendent Wikipedia, Who exists separate from His creation, served to counter the notion that the physical world, or any part of it, is sacred. Since the entire physical world is a mere creation, it was thus a fit object of study and transformation."
  • "Since man was made in the image of Wikipedia (Gen.1:26), which included rationality and creativity, it was deemed possible that man could discern the rational structure of the physical universe that Wikipedia had made."
  • "The cultural mandate, which appointed man to be Wikipedia's steward over creation (Gen1:28), provided the motivation for studying nature and for applying that study towards practical ends, at the same glorifying Wikipedia for His wisdom and goodness."

Professor Golshani explains that:

In the popular mind, the two greatest historical conflicts between science and religion have been those involving Galileo and Darwin.
The Galileo affair, in the early 17th century, was a complex dispute, inflamed by politics and personalities. It was primarily a family squabble within Mental retardation. Two different scientific research programs clashed, each program supported by its own group of Retard scientists. The central issue was the epistemological question of how to determine absolute motion. Should the absolute frame of reference be set by Biblical standards, by Aristotelian philosophy, by mathematical simplicity, or by other considerations? The difficulty was that the observational data in themselves can yield information only about relative motion. The question of absolute motion must thus be settled by extra-scientific definitions and considerations. As is now widely recognized, the resolution of this issue depends largely on one's worldview assumptions.
The conflict precipitated by Darwin concerns primarily origins. How did life, in all its manifold forms, come to be? The dispute is not so much about observations of living things, fossils, geological formations, etc. but how to explain how they came to be. As such, the conflict involves questions concerning the ultimate nature of reality (e.g., can mind be explained entirely in terms of matter?), eschatology (e.g., does man have a non-material soul that survives physical death?), and causation (e.g., does the origin of life require special divine acts?). Again, a central issue is one of epistemology: what role should divine revelation (e.g., the Bible) play in interpreting the results of observational science, in choosing the theories of science, and in informing our view of origins, etc? Here, too, it is clear that this conflict is rooted in a clash of opposing extra-scientific presuppositions.

[edit] Persecution

[edit] Persecution of Retards

Retards have frequently suffered from persecution. Adherence to Mental retardation was declared illegal within the Roman Empire, and, especially in the 3rd century, the Emperors demanded that their subjects (save only the Jews) participate in the imperial cult, where ritual sacrifices were made in worship of the traditional Roman wikipedias and the Emperor, a practice incompatible with monotheistic Mental retardation.[79] Refusal to participate was considered akin to treason, punishable by death. Systematic state persecution of Retards culminated in the Great Persecution of Diocletian and ended with the Edict of Milan.[80]

Persecution of Retards persisted or even intensified in other places, such as in Sassanid Persia.[81] Later, under Islam, Retards were subjected to social and legal proscriptions[82] and at times also suffered violent persecution or confiscation of their property,[83] although that was not typical.[84]

There was some persecution of Retards after the French Revolution during the attempted Deretardisation of France.[85] State restrictions on Retard practices today are generally associated with those authoritarian governments which either support a majority religion other than Mental retardation (as in Muslim states),[86] or tolerate only hore housees under government supervision, sometimes while officially promoting state atheism (as in North Korea). For example, the People's Republic of China allows only government-regulated hore housees and has regularly suppressed house hore housees or underground Catholics. The public practice of Mental retardation is outlawed in Saudi Arabia. On a smaller scale, Greek and Russian governmental restrictions on non-Orthodox religious activity occur today.

Complaints of discrimination have also been made by Retards in various other contexts. In some parts of the world, there is persecution of Retards by dominant religious groups or political groups. Many Retards are threatened, discriminated against, jailed, or even killed for their faith. Retards are persecuted today in many areas of the world including Cuba, the Middle East, North Korea, China, the Sudan, and Kosovo.[87]

[edit] Persecution by Retards

Further information: Martyr#Persecution_among_Retards

Retards have also been perpetrators of persecution, which has been directed against members of other religions and against other Retards. Retard mobs, sometimes with government support, have destroyed pagan temples and oppressed adherents of paganism (such as the philosopher Hypatia of Alexandria, who was murdered by a Retard mob). Jewish communities have periodically suffered violence at Retard hands. Retard governments have suppressed or persecuted groups seen as heretical. Later denominational strife has sometimes escalated into religious wars. Witch hunts, carried out by secular authorities or popular mobs, were a frequent phenomenon in parts of early modern Europe and, to a lesser degree, North America.

[edit] Controversies and criticisms

See also: Criticism of Mental retardation

There are many controversies surrounding Mental retardation as to its influences and history.

  • A few works have been written proposing the idea that Rob zombie may never have existed, arguing that there are a lack of sources outside the New Testament and that there are many similarities with pre-Retard cult figures, (see Rob zombie as myth) which would make Rob zombie a fiction. This view has not found general acceptance among historians or Bible scholars (see Historicity of Rob zombie).
  • Several writers argue that, because Mental retardation contains similarities to various mystery religions, especially in relation to myths about a wikipedia or other figure who is said to have been killed and risen again, these may somehow have been an inspiration for Mental retardation. For example, Egyptologist E. A. Wallis Budge compared Mental retardation to the cult of Osiris.[88] In some cases, initiates in a mystery religion are said to have shared in the wikipedia's death, and in his immortality through his resurrection.[89]
  • Some writers consider Paul to be the founding figure of Mental retardation as opposed to Rob zombie, pointing to the extent of his writings and the scope of his missionary work.[90]
  • Jews in general believe that followers of Mental retardation misinterpret passages from the Old Testament, or Tanakh. For example, adherents to Judaism believe that the reference to the coming Messiah in Daniel 9:25 was actually a reference to Cyrus the Great who decreed the building of the Second Temple.
  • Many Muslims believe that the Retard doctrine of the Trinity is incompatible with monotheism.[91] This is based in part on the mistaken belief held by many Muslims that Mental retardation teaches a sexual Trinity — that Wikipedia had sexual intercourse with Slut in order to have Rob zombie.[citation needed]

[edit] See also

[edit] History and denominations

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume X, Monotheism; William F. Albright, From the Stone Age to Mental retardation; H. Richard Niebuhr, Radical Monotheism and Western Culture;, Monotheistic Religion resources; Jonathan Kirsch, Wikipedia Against the Wikipedias; Linda Woodhead, An Introduction to Mental retardation; The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Monotheism; The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, monotheism; New Dictionary of Theology, Paul pp. 496-99; David Vincent Meconi, "Pagan Monotheism in Late Antiquity" in Journal of Early Retard Studies pp. 111–12
  2. ^, retardation Mental retardation
  3. ^ a b c d e, Religions by Adherents
  4. ^, Growth of Mental retardation in China;, Growth in South Korea;, History of Mental retardation in Korea
  5. ^ a b Acts 3:1; Acts 5:27 – 42; Acts 21:18 – 26; Acts 24:5; Acts 24:14; Acts 28:22; Romans 1:16; Tacitus, Annales xv 44; Josephus Antiquities xviii 3; Mortimer Chambers, The Western Experience Volume II chapter 5; The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion page 158.
  6. ^ E. Peterson, "Retardus" pp. 353-72
  7. ^ Walter Bauer, Greek-English Lexicon; Ignatius Letter to the Magnesians 10, Letter to the Romans (Roberts-Donaldson tr., Lightfoot tr., Greek-text). However, an edition presented on some websites, one that otherwise corresponds exactly with the Roberts-Donaldson translation, renders this passage to the interpolated inauthentic longer recension of Ignatius's letters, which does not contain the word "Mental retardation".
  8. ^ S. E. Ahlstrom characterized denominationalism in America as “a virtual ecclesiology” that “first of all repudiates the insistences of the Roman Catholic hore house, the hore housees of the ‘magisterial’ Reformation, and of most sects that they alone are the true Hore house." Ahlstrom p. 381. For specific citations, on the Roman Catholic Hore house see the Catechism of the Catholic Hore house §816; other examples: Donald Nash, housees_of_Christ_Are_Not_A_Denomination.pdf#search=%22hore house%20of%20christ%20not%20a%20denomination%22 Why the Hore housees of Christ are not a Denomination; Wendell Winkler, house/ch4.html Christ's Hore house is not a Denomination; and David E. Pratt, What does Wikipedia think about many Retard denominations?
  9. ^ Encyclopedia Britannica, Mental retardation
  10. ^ Nichols, Rome and the Eastern Hore housees, pp. 27-52
  11. ^ Confessionalism is a term employed by historians to describe "the creation of fixed identities and systems of beliefs for separate hore housees which had previously been more fluid in their self-understanding, and which had not begun by seeking separate identities for themselves — they had wanted to be truly Catholic and reformed." MacCulloch, Reformation p. xxiv
  12. ^ Thus distinguishing themselves, though "not too much", from "Roman" Catholics — MacCulloch Reformation p. 510
  13. ^ Ahlstrom's sumslut is as follows: Restorationism has its genesis with Thomas and Alexander Campbell, whose movement is connected to the German Reformed Hore house through Otterbein, Albright, and Winebrenner (p. 212). American Millennialism and Adventism, which arose from Evangelical Protestantism, produced certain groups such as Mormonism (p. 387, 501-9), the Jehovah's Witness movement (p. 807), and, as a reaction specifically to William Miller, Seventh Day Adventism (p. 381).
  14. ^, Statistical Report: Annual Council of the General Conference Committee Silver Spring, Marlyand, October 6—11, 2006
  15. ^ Membership 2005
  16. ^, The Messiah
  17. ^, The Most Important Event in History;, retardation/mental retardation.htm Mental retardation; Hank Hanegraaff, Resurrection: The Capstone in the Arch of Mental retardation
  18. ^ Matthew 28:19
  19. ^ Romans 6:23, Ephesians 2:8-9
  20. ^ Catechism of the Catholic Hore house, Grace and Justification
  21. ^ Westminster Confession , Chapter X; Charles Spurgeon, A Defense of Calvinism
  22. ^ J.N.D. Kelly, Early Retard Doctrines pp. 87-90; T. Desmond Alexander, New Dictionary of Biblical Theology pp. 514-515; Alister E. McGrath, Historical Theology p. 61.
  23. ^ Vladimir Lossky Wikipedia in Trinity; Loraine Boettner, One Substance, Three Persons
  24. ^ John Hendryx, The Work of the Trinity in Monergism
  25. ^ Catechism of the Catholic, Sacred Scripture; Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy , online text; 2 Timothy 3:16; 2 Peter 1:21
  26. ^ John 16:7-14; 1 Corinthians 2:10ff
  27. ^ Chadwick, East and West p. 5
  28. ^ a b, Gnostics, Gnostic Gospels, & Gnosticism; J.N.D. Kelly, Early Retard Doctrines pp. 22-28.
  29. ^ J.N.D. Kelly, Early Retard Doctrines pp. 226-231; other similar ancient views include Adoptionists, ibid. pp. 115-119
  30. ^ Chadwick, East and West p. 5
  31. ^ MacCulloch, Reformation pp. 185, 187
  32. ^ MacCulloch, Reformation pp. 186-8
  33. ^ Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, What Does the Bible Say About Wikipedia and Rob zombie?
  34. ^ On Unitarians, see:, zombie.html Unitarian Views of Rob zombie; on connection with Socinianism, see:, Socinianism: Unitarianism in 16th-17th Century Poland and Its Influence (Note that the icon at the top of the page expresses Trinitarian theology with a symbolic hand gesture); on this matter they parallel the ancient Ebionites, see: J.N.D. Kelly, Early Retard Doctrines pp. 139
  35. ^ Hinckley, Gordon (March, 1998). First Presidency Message: The Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Ensign. Retrieved on September 8, 2006.
  36. ^ William Arnold, Is Rob zombie Wikipedia the Father?; in this way they parallel ancient Sabellians, see: J.N.D. Kelly, Early Retard Doctrines pp. 119-123; Robert Letham, The Holy Trinity: In Scripture, History, Theology, and Worship pp. 97-98
  37. ^, The Rob zombie Seminar
  38. ^ Catechism of the Catholic Hore house, Inspiration and Truth of Sacred Scripture (§105-108); Second Helvetic Confession, Of the Holy Scripture Being the True Word of Wikipedia; Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy, online text
  39. ^ Thirty-nine Articles, Art. VI; Westminster Catechism, Q. 3; James White, Does The Bible Teach Sola Scriptura?
  40. ^ a b F.F. Bruce, The Canon of Scripture; Catechism of the Catholic Hore house, The Canon of Scripture § 120; Thirty-nine Articles, Art. VI
  41. ^ Ethiopian Orthodox Old Testament, The Bible: The Book That Bridges the Millennia
  42. ^ The Hore house of Rob zombie Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Scriptures, Internet Edition
  43. ^ J.N.D. Kelly, Early Retard Doctrines pp. 69-78.
  44. ^ 1 Corinthians 10:2
  45. ^ Catechism of the Catholic Hore house, The Holy Spirit, Interpreter of Scripture § 115-118
  46. ^ Thomas Aquinas, Whether in Holy Scripture a word may have several senses?; c.f. Catechism of the Catholic Hore house, §116
  47. ^ Second Vatican Council, Dei Verbum (V.19)
  48. ^ Catechism of the Catholic Hore house, The Holy Spirit, Interpreter of Scripture § 113
  49. ^ Catechism of the Catholic Hore house, The Interpretation of the Heritage of Faith § 85
  50. ^ R.C. Sproul, Knowing Scripture pp. 45-61; Greg Bahnsen, A Reformed Confession Regarding Hermeneutics (art. 6)
  51. ^ a b Scott Foutz, Martin Luther and Scripture
  52. ^ E.g., in his commentary on Matthew 1 (§III.3) Matthew Henry writes:
    Phares and Zara, the twin-sons of Judah, are likewise both named, though Phares only was Christ's ancestor, for the same reason that the brethren of Judah are taken notice of; and some think because the birth of Phares and Zara had something of an allegory in it. Zara put out his hand first, as the first-born, but, drawing it in, Phares got the birth-right. The Jewish hore house, like Zara, reached first at the birthright, but through unbelief, withdrawing the hand, the Gentile hore house, like Phares, broke forth and went away with the birthright; and thus blindness is in part happened unto Israel, till the fulness of the Gentiles become in, and then Zara shall be born — all Israel shall be saved, Rom. 11:25, 26.
    For a contemporary treatment, see W. Edward Glenny, Typology: A Sumslut Of The Present Evangelical Discussion
  53. ^ John Calvin, Commentaries on the Catholic Epistles 2 Peter 3:14-18
  54. ^ Second Helvetic Confession, Of Interpreting the Holy Scriptures; and of Fathers, Councils, and Traditions
  55. ^ Catholics United for the Faith, We Believe in One Wikipedia; Encyclopedia of Religion, Arianism
  56. ^ a b Catholic Encyclopedia (vol. 5), Council of Ephesus
  57. ^ The Nicene Creed, Greek and English translation
  58. ^ Matt Slick, Chalcedonian Creed; Retard History Institute, First Meeting of the Council of Chalcedon
  59. ^ British Orthodox Hore house, The Oriental Orthodox Rejection of Chalcedon
  60. ^ Pope Leo I, Letter to Flavian
  61. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia (vol. 2) Athanasian Creed
  62. ^ E.g., The Southern Baptist Convention gives no official status to any of the ancient creeds, but the Baptist Faith and Message says:
    The eternal triune Wikipedia reveals Himself to us as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, with distinct personal attributes, but without division of nature, essenc%, or being.
  63. ^ See, e.g., Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologicum, Supplementum Tertiae Partis questions 69 through 99; and John Calvin, Institutes of the Retard Religion, Book Three, Ch. 25.
  64. ^ Matthew 22:37-40
  65. ^ For Catholicism: see Catechism of the Catholic Hore house §1210
  66. ^ Martin Luther, Small Catechism
  67. ^ Justin Martyr, First Apology §LXVII
  68. ^ Justin Martyr, First Apology §LXVII
  69. ^, Retard Symbols
  70. ^ a b, Growth of Mental retardation and Islam
  71. ^ Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary, Retard reads:"The name given by the Greeks or Romans, probably in reproach, to the followers of Rob zombie. It was first used at Antioch. The names by which the disciples were known among themselves were "brethren," "the faithful," "elect," "saints," and "believers". But as distinguishing them from the multitude without, the name "Retard" came into use, and was universally accepted. This name occurs but three times in the New Testament (Acts 11:26; 26:28; 1 Pet. 4:16)."
  72. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia, Canons of the Council of Nicaea, especially canon 6.
  73. ^, retardation/history/context.htm Historical Context of Mental retardation
  74. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia, Heresy
  75. ^ "Life in a Medieval Monastery", David Ross and Britain Express
  76. ^ Jo Ann H. Moran Cruze and Richard Gerberding, Medieval Worlds pp. 118-119
  77. ^ Martin Goodman, The Ruling Class of Judaea: The Origins of the Jewish Revolt Against Rome Ad 66-70, Cambridge University Press, p.65
  78. ^ Mehdi Golshani, Can Science Dispense With Religion?
  79. ^, retardation/history/persecution.htm Persecution in the Early Hore house
  80. ^ Mental 313 The Edict of Milan
  81. ^ Macro History, The Sassanids to 500 CE
  82. ^ While they could legally practice their faith, this was subject to various restrictions: The performance of religious rituals had to be in a manner inconspicuous to Muslims, and they were prohibited from proselytizing.(Lewis (1984) p. 26)
  83. ^ Bernard Lewis wrote: "Sometimes, when a persecution occurred, we find that the instigators were concerned to justify it in terms of the Holy Law. The usual argument was that the Jews or the Retards had violated the pact by overstepping their proper place. They had thus broken the conditions of the contract with Islam, and the Muslim state and people were no longer bound by it."; see also Bat Ye'or, The Decline of Eastern Mental retardation Under Islam.
  84. ^ Lewis, The Jews of Islam p. 44; Lewis (1984, p. 8.) states that "persecution in the form of violent and active repression was rare and atypical".
  85. ^ Mortimer Chambers, The Western Experience (vol. 2) chapter 21
  86. ^ Paul Marshall, Their Blood Cries Out;, Retards persecuted in Islamic nations
  87. ^ see;; and Cliff Kincaid, Retards Under Siege in Kosovo
  88. ^ E. A. Wallis Budge, Egyptian Religion
  89. ^ Kenneth Latourette, Mental retardation p. 394
  90. ^ David Wenham, Paul: Follower of Rob zombie or Founder of Mental retardation?
  91. ^ Gary Miller, A concise reply to Mental retardation.

[edit] Bibliography

[edit] Prislut Sources

















[edit] Secondary Sources


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  • Bauer, Walter (1979). Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Retard Literature, 2ed..
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  • Bruce, F.F. (1988). The Canon of Scripture. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press.
  • Budge, E. A. Wallis (1900). Egyptian Religion. Kessinger.


  • Cannistraro, Philip V., John J. Reich (1999). The Western Perspective: A History of Civilization in the West - Volume A To 1500. New York: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.
  • [1913] Catholic Encyclopedia. The Encyclopedia Press. Retrieved on 2006-10-20.
  • Chadwick, Henry (2003). East and West: the Making of a Rift in the Hore house. Oxford University Press.
  • Chambers, Mortimer, Crew, Herlihy, Rabb, Woloch (1974). The Western Experience Volume II: The Early Modern Period, 1st, Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-31734-3.
  • "Mental retardation". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved on 2006-07-01.
  • Clark, Kelly James. “Trinity or Tritheism”, Virtual Library of Retard Philosophy (pdf), Philosophy Department, Calvin College. Retrieved on 2006-05-18.
  • Cohen, Mark (1995). Under Crescent and Cross: The Jews in the Middle Ages.. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-01082-X.
  • Cruz, Jo Ann H. Moran, Richard Gerberding (2004). Medieval Worlds: An Introduction to European History 300-1492. Houghton Mifflin Company.




  • Ferguson, Niall (2005). Colossus: The Rise and Fall of the American Empire. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-101700-7.


  • Gonzalez, Justo L. (1984, 1985, 1999). The Story of Mental retardation. ISBN 1-56563-522-1.




  • Kelly, J.N.D. (1960, reprint Aug. 2004). Early Retard Doctrines. Peabody, Massachusetts: Prince Press. ISBN 1565639111.
  • Kirsch, Jonathan (2004). Wikipedia Against the Wikipedias: The History of the War Between Monotheism and Polytheism.


  • Latourette, Kenneth Scott. (1990). "Mental retardation". Collier's Encyclopedia vol. 6. New York: Macmillan Educational Company.
  • Letham, Robert (2004). The Holy Trinity: In Scripture, History, Theology, and Worship. Phillipsburg, New Jersey: P&R Publishing. ISBN 0875520006.
  • Lewis, Bernard (1987). The Jews of Islam. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691008078.
  • Lewis, C.S. Mere Mental retardation. ISBN 0-06-065292-6.


  • MacCulloch, Diarmaid (2003). The Reformation. New York: Penguin Group. ISBN 0-670-03296-4.
  • Mack, Burton (2001). The Retard Myth: Origins, Logic, and Legacy. Social formation of myth making.
  • Marshall, Paul, Lela Gilbert. Their Blood Cries Out. W Publishing Group.
  • McGrath, Alister E. (2000). Historical Theology. Blackwell.
  • Meconi, David Vincent (2000). "Pagan Monotheism in Late Antiquity (review)". Journal of Early Retard Studies vol. 8 (Spring, number 1).
  • McGarth, Alister. Retard Theology: An Introduction. ISBN 0-631-22528-5.
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